The Californian Quail originates from the South-western side of North America, hence the name, California Valley Quail.
The Californian Quail has a curving crest or plume, made of six feathers, that droops forward which in males are black and dark brown in females.
The flanks are brown with white streaks. Males are larger and have a dark brown cap and a black face with a brown back, a grey-blue chest and a light brown belly which sometimes comes out in beautiful deep red in the middle. The females and young birds are not as colourful, mainly grey-brown with a light-coloured scaled belly.
Even though some breeders believe that Californian Quail should be kept in pairs for breeding but we have found that they are highly sociable birds and love gathering into groups while having their daily dust bath or for feeding. In the wild their diet consists of various seeds and green leaves, but they love the odd bite of fruit and insects as well. In captivity the Californian Quail is normally fed on chick crumbs or mash with an addition of dried mealworms, fruits and vegetables like grapes, apple, kiwi and they just love the leaves of the savoy cabbage.
The Californian Quail requires a lot more space than a coturnix type quail which is due to their better ability to flying. It’s also handy to install a roost stick into their cages to give them a chance to fly up and sit on a higher ground.
We use tree branches for this purpose. Under standard conditions they lay 12-15 eggs which take 23 days to hatch. The Californian quail can take the cold fairly well but doesn’t like draughty and wet conditions. With their looks and the lovely sound they produce they are definitely our favourite quail breed.
Watch this short video below about the California Quail in their natural habitat.
British researchers say that eggs should be pronounced a super-food, as it has a very good impact on our health and even helps to fight obesity. According to nutritionists the egg as food is one of the richest in good in essential ingredients and we all should consume at least one a day. The Nutrition and Food Science magazine...
The Breeding Stock There are generally two main methods of breeding that are normally practiced in quail breeding. One is when you have mixed sex quails in a cage/ housing. The male-female rate should be 1:2.5 which means 4 quail cockerels to 10 quail hens. If you breed quails on a larger scale or don’t have the time necessary to spend on the other...
We get a lot of emails in which you guys ask how to sex quails i.e. how to tell which one is a male or a female. I have a bit of time now so I'll give you a little guide here.
The following guidance and drawings will describe you in detail how to build a simple quail cage that will hold up to 12 Japanese or Jumbo Japanese Quail. This size should be enough to provide healthy quail eggs for a small family.
If we want to keep Japanese quails for eggs on a small scale we have pretty much 3 options as to where to keep them. The first two options are maybe fancier but these will produce the least amount of eggs for your family. We won’t discuss them in detail but we’ll mention them anyway.